Decided to redo this post as it’s been over a year and there are a few things to add/update. JAL like many airlines in Asia is complicated. 7 stopovers is an over simplification. Since I published this list last year, a few blogs have scraped that info and simply said that JAL allows 7 stopovers, but don’t explain under what context. So I need to go back and explain a bit more about this. OneWorld tickets allow 7 stopovers.
Here it is, a basic list of airline stopover rules (with extended routing rules below):
|United||1 stopover and 2 open-jaws||Roundtrips|
|US Airways||1 stopover or 1 open-jaw||Roundtrips|
|Lufthansa||2 stopovers and 2 open-jaws||Roundtrips|
|Air Canada||2 stopovers||Roundtrips|
|“||or 1 stopover and 1 open-jaw||Roundtrips|
|Malaysia||5 stopovers /w OneWorld||Roundtrips|
|“||0 stopovers /w a single partner||Roundtrips|
|“||1 stopover /w Malaysia||Roundtrips|
|Singapore||1 stopover and 1 open-jaw||Roundtrips|
|Flying Blue||1 stopover and 1 open-jaw||Roundtrips|
|Air Berlin||1 stopover (on two region award)||Oneways|
|2 stopovers (on three region award)||Oneways|
|2 to 7 stopovers on multiple OneWorld partners|
|Asia Miles||4 stopovers||Roundtrips|
1 stopover if departing from Japan.
7 stopovers on generous Round-The-World Award Chart
|JAL||7 stopovers /w OneWorld||Oneways|
|“||2 stopovers /w JAL||Oneways|
|LAN||1 stopover or 1 open-jaw||Roundtrips|
|Thai Airways||1 stopover and 1 open-jaw||Roundtrips|
Generally Related Resources:
Routing rules and even more specific stopover rules are too complex to do in a chart form so I’ll mostly summarize and link out. One thing I’ve noticed over the years is that many airlines only allow open-jaws at specific points in the journey. For example Lufthansa and United both allow stopovers and open-jaws. BUT, you can’t apply an open-jaw on the spot that’s technically the stopover, and it must be applied to the “destination”. Which is tricky and unique enough, but they even define “destination” differently. United’s destination is solely based on region, and Lufthansa’s is more based on the furthest point in the journey (I think). All that to say, routing rules can get complex and I don’t even have a full post going into the minutia of Lufthansa, because no one would care. So I’ll try to keep it short and simple.
United Routing Rules
There’s so much that has been written, and so much more that could be written. So this will be the longest section for the airline rules.
- 1 stopover and two open-jaws.
- Open-jaws can not be applied to “stopover”.
- You can book oneway awards but are not allowed a stopover on oneways. Stopovers can only be applied to roundtrips.
- Routes are mainly limited by regions and sometimes by the number of connections. (Details for region and connections limits are here: The Complete Guide To United Routing Rules).
- United’s pricing is based on the region of the “destination”, which is decided by a ranking of regions. When touching two regions, it decides the price based on this region ranking. This can be a way to save miles (see United Stopover Secrets).
- United Stopovers and Routing Rules Secrets
- Decision Making Trees for United’s “Error” Message
- Complete Guide to United Routing Rules
American Airlines Routing Rules
- AA limits flights by total miles flown, or the Maximum Permitted Mileage (MPM).
- MPM is unique to each route. In order to find the MPM limit, you can use experflyer.com to find it for your specific route.
- You can generally go over the MPM by 25%. So we say, MPM + 25%.
- Stopovers are no longer allowed with AA miles.
For getting around AA’s lack of stopovers read:
Lufthansa Miles and More Routing Rules
- Lufthansa rules are mostly based on “regions” you fly to.
- If you touch three regions at any point in time in your journey, the price is increased to a premium “Three Region Award” price of 100k/185k/290k miles for roundtrips.
- Two stopovers and two open-jaws are allowed.
- Open-jaw [likely] will not be applied to a stopover but can be applied to destination and point of origin.
- Destination is defined by point of turn around. Aka, the furthest place you fly to.
- Flights coded as a singular flight that touches a third region (i.e. Singapore’s flight to the US that has a layover in Tokyo) may be an exception to the “Three Region Award” premium price.
ANA Routing Rules
- ANA is completely priced based on the total number of miles flown. You can fly as much as you want.
- 8 Segment limit for awards on ANA.
- 16 segment limi on Star Alliance partners.
- For flights on ANA the award chart (here) is a little better but the fuel surcharges are higher.
- ANA’s program is switching away from a distance based program to a region based program in April.
JAL Routing Rules
- An open-jaw counts as a stopover, but you are still limited to one.
- Oneways are allowed.
- OneWorld flights are limited to 8 segments and 7 stopovers.
- Awards that include partners outside of Star alliance (Emirates, Bangkok Airways, Air France, China Eastern,) are limited to 2 stopovers and 4 segments.
- Flights on JAL are limited to 3 segments each way and two stopovers.
- Prices are completely based on flying. Other than segment limits you can fly as much as you want, and you just pay for it.
Singapore Airlines Routing Rules
- Singapore Airlines has two award charts.
- Singapore Airlines’ Star Alliance Award Chart:
- One stopover is permitted on Star Alliance Roundtrips.
- For flights on Singapore Airlines, the award chart can be viewed here.
- Awards on Singapore itself get 1 stopover on a roundtrip for saver awards.
- Non-saver awards get 1 stopover per direction.
Malaysia Airlines Routing Rules
- Malaysia Airlines has three prices for awards depending on what airline you use your miles with.