Best Use of British Airways Avios

British Airways AviosAs I’ve said before, British Airways Avios (miles) are as good as the person using them. I really don’t mean to be rude but when I hear someone say that “Avios suck”, I’m really thinking “or you do at using them”. Although there is a lot to consider with fuel surcharges and routing, Avios can have some incredible redemptions. I decided to break it all down into one master post.

In this post I’ll talk about the best airline partners to avoid fuel surcharges, the best and cheapest routes and the best tools. My belief is that Avios can be awesome, cheap in points, cheap in cash (excluding some destinations) and you can see more places on one route by using stopovers. And yes, some routes are more expensive but just don’t use Avios for those routes! It’s simple. Use Avios when it makes sense and use other programs like AA and United when trying to hit the spots that are more expensive for Avios. Same same for all airlines. Plan ahead and be strategic.

If you still suck at using Avios after reading this… well you won’t be able to blame it on British Airways.

One last thing I’ll mention before getting started is that British Airways Avios can be had for cheap. There are a number of ways to earn. The 100,000 Avios card that comes and goes is a no brainer and it might be one of the best uses of Amex MR points. That is of course, if you know how to use them.

In case you don’t already know, Avios is just the name of their rewards program. It’s just like saying BA miles but they don’t call them that for branding reasons. But same same, it’s just a frequent flyer mile.

Choosing the right airline and the problem of fuel surcharges

This is where people get discouraged and give up on Avios so why not start there and assume most of the best uses are with airlines that have no fuel surcharges? When using British Airways Avios on BA itself or partner airlines, they will pass along the fuel surcharges. When flying on British Airways internationally, the fuel surcharges are ridiculous! A roundtrip can cost over $1,000 using miles/points/avios/whatever-they’re-called. So don’t make the mistake of flying on British Airways when you can fly to the same destination without fuel surcharges on partners.

No Fuel Surcharges:

  • Air Berlin
  • LAN
  • American Airlines domestic flights and flights within the Americas

Low Fuel Surcharges:

  • Aer Lingus – I mean real low fuel surcharges, like $25 for a roundtrip to Dublin
  • Iberia
  • American Airlines to Asia
AirBerlin Route Map

AirBerlin Route Map

As far as avoiding fuel surcharges go, Air Berlin (Aer Lingus or Iberia) get’s you to/from Europe pretty easy. Plus AirBerlin also covers a bit of the Middle East. LAN gets you to most of South America and AA does as well, plus it hits more of Central America/Caribbean. And obviously AA is a great option for domestic flights.

At the bottom I’ll include the route maps for all these airlines to show what kind of reach you can get while avoiding fuel surcharges.

The big problem here is getting to Asia and getting across the Pacific in general to Australia. You’ll have to pay some steep fuel surcharges to fly Qantas (the Australian Airline) and routing any other way would be astronomical in points. If you want to go to Australia, in my opinion, you should use other programs. It’s not worth it.

How to make the best of “Distance Based”

British Airways Award Chart

British Airways Award Chart

One thing that makes British Airways’ program unique is that it does not price award flights by zone (like most airlines), but instead by distance. The price of flying from the US to Europe totally depends on where you’re going and how you route it.

This is why I use a route calculator like gcmap to measure out where I’d like to go. But it’s not quite that simple. With ANA (another distance based program) you just calculate the end total of miles traveled and get your price. But with British Airways, you price by segment.

So lets say you want to fly from Miami to Moscow. The total distance for a flight that routes through Berlin is 5,991 miles… but that’s irrelevant – you have to calculate each segment. Miami to Berlin is 4,974 miles and therefore is 25,000 Avios, according to the chart above. And Berlin to Moscow is 1,017, costing another 7,500 miles. Making the total flight cost 32,500 Avios.

The best Avios tool ever created (but not perfect), since the creation of the new program

Given that there are no direct flights to Moscow from Miami, finding the right route is important. After all, routing through Berlin on Air Berlin might price differently than routing through another hub. But there is a tool that makes routing a little simpler.

Avios Redemption Calculator made by Wandering Aramean is the best Avios calculator around. The British Airways’ one is buggy, it assumes you route through London (a terrible idea (as you’ll be on BA (and pay lots of fuel surcharges))). But the reason this tool is better is because it considers which city you should route through for the cheapest award price.

Screen Shot 2013-06-18 at 12.57.55 PM

Here it shows all the options at their different price points. Miami to Moscow via Berlin (TXL) is at the top. Routing through Madrid (MAD) on Iberia is only 2,500 avios more.

This is a neat program because it saves Avios, it can help you save money and show you cool stopovers. Perhaps you’d rather route through Madrid than Berlin, or vice versa.

How does it save money?

The natural tendency of the British Airways online booking site is to route you through London (LHR) every chance it gets. But as I said already, it’s expensive. The Avios Redemption Calculator will show you other hubs to route through. The key here is to know which airport code is which airline’s hub. Here is a key of low fuel surcharge airline hubs:

  • Air Berlin – TXL, DUS
  • Aer Lingus – DUB
  • Iberia – MAD
  • Cathay – HKG

When you see these hubs, you’re on the right track. I included Cathay as it’s cheaper than routing through Tokyo on JAL in terms of fuel.

For example, this route from Chicago (ORD) to Moscow (DME) suggests a few different options for 30,000 Avios. One of them is through London (LHR), which is indeed one of the cheapest options but it’s also what we’re avoiding. Another option is through MAD, which means that it’s an Iberia route. Quickly we found an alternative route for the same price.

Screen Shot 2013-06-18 at 1.23.31 PM

This tool does not check which route is available, you’ll have to do that yourself, it shows you what to search for. We’ll talk about finding availability in a second.

The problem with the calculator

The Avios Redemption Calculator is great, but one limitation is that it only shows one connection (two segments). This is a problem when finding routes from smaller airports or when the cheapest route requires three conections. If I type in Charlottesville, VA (CHO), my hometown, it will route through Chicago (ORD) because that is the only OneWorld route out of CHO. So routing to Moscow it’s going to say CHO – ORD – DME, not because it’s the cheapest way but because it only gives one connection. The example earlier shows that ORD – MAD – DME is the best option. Although, in the case of my searches from Charlottesville, it’s quite easy to work around as I can just search starting in ORD.

But technically you don’t need to route through a hub every step of the way. Perhaps two of the airlines share a connection you can route through. This and the one-connection limitation is why I often opt to search myself using the OneWorld Network Map and the Great Circle Mapper and cross reference with the award chart above.

Stopovers are free

Another reason I use the OneWorld map is to simply think about where I want to go and where I can go. Understand that BA prices by segment the same if you book it all at once or separate.  The same whether you stop for weeks or don’t stop at all. The only pricing to consider is the price of each segment.

For example, if you start in Boston and fly to Moscow, you could fly Aer Lingus which routes through Dublin (although the Avios Calculator doesn’t show this option yet). I don’t know about you, but I wouldn’t mind a stop in Dublin.

Wait. No. Stopovers are cheaper.

Even if Boston to Moscow were a direct flight, it would be cheaper to route through London. Let me show you what I mean and let’s look at the award chart again.

British Airways Award Chart

For example, look how much an economy flight is when flying over 7,000 miles; it would cost 50,000 Avios. Yet, if you broke up the flight into two flights under 4,000 miles it would be priced at 20,000 each. Get it? See how the prices don’t get cheaper the further you fly but sometimes they’re more expensive?

Another example would be Las Angeles (LAX) to Sydney (SYD). It’s a long flight that ends up pricing at 50,000 Avios each way. Yet a flight from LAX to Hawaii (HNL) is only 12,500 Avios and a flight from HNL to SYD is only 25,000 Avios. Get it? Stopping in Hawaii ends up costing 37,500 Avios and saving 12,500 Avios when not choosing a direct flight!

Actually, the sweet spot is a flight right at 3,000 miles for 12,500 Avios (which is why Hawaii works so well). You could do three of these flights (for a maximum distance of 9,000 miles) and only spend 37,500 Avios. By aiming for 3,000 miles in distance, without going over it, we get the sweet price of 12,500. You can save some serious miles and see more places!

Unfortunately, due to these giant gaps between land known as oceans, there are not any airports 3,000 miles off of the west coast other than Hawaii and none 3,000 miles after that. And other than Boston to Dublin (which is 2,993 miles), there aren’t any east coast options either. Still, there are many times you fly 3,000 miles at a time when there isn’t an ocean in the way. The concept is just important if you want to master Avios.

This is why I wrote a series on Using Stopovers to Save British Airways Avios. There are different parts to different regions of the world but the important thing is the concept. After all the series does not consider fuel surcharges but only saving Avios. (There is another series on Avoiding Fuel Surcharges when using British Airways Avios).

The Best Use of British Airways Avios is flying 3,000 miles at a time

Of course choosing airlines without fuel surcharges is important too, but the best use is for flights that are just under 3,000 miles. If you can piece them together to see more, then you’re rocking Avios.

Here are some examples of flights that cost only 12,500 Avios:

  • Boston (BOS) to Dublin (DUB)
  • Miami (MIA) to Lima (LIM)
  • West coast to east coast – like LAX to JFK
  • Easter Island (IPC) to Tahiti (PPT)/ Santiago (SCL)/ Lima (LIM)
  • Hawaii (HNL/OGG and sometimes KOA/LIH) to west coast USA (BLI, OAK, PDX, SAN, SJC, SEA) and Alaska (ANC).

There are many many more examples, especially when you consider great international redemptions, like Hong Kong to India for 12,500 Avios. Or Europe to the Middle East/Africa for 12,500. This list goes on and on.

But like I said, if you have the time to enjoy these stopovers, you can connect a lot of good routes to make an epic trip. For example:

Miami – Lima – Easter Island – Tahiti = 37,500 Avios total and 12,500 each segment.

Seattle – Boston – Dublin – Helsinki – Dubai = 47,500 Avios total as Dublin to Helsinki is only 10,00 Avios.

New York – Los Angeles – Hawaii = 25,000 Avios and 12,500 each segment.

The possibilities are endless really. But if you enjoy this kind of talk, I’d really encourage you to check out the Stopovers to Save British Airways Avios series.

The tiny expensive flights

Since British Airways is distance-based, one easy bang for buck is tiny little flights that cost a ton of money otherwise. For example:

  • Miami to Cancun, Grand Cayman, Montego Bay, Turks & Caicos, etc.. for 4,500 Avios.
  • New York to Bermuda for 7,500 Avios.
  • Madrid to the Spanish Islands like Maderia and Tenerife for 7,500 miles.
  • Johannesburg to Mauritius for only 10,000 Avios.
  • Lima to Cusco for 4,500 Avios.

This list also goes on and on.

Finding Award Availability

The British Airways website works pretty well but seems to hide a lot of partners and just show their own availability. Sneaky. There are other tools to search for real availability and then you can call it in. You can use AA, Qantas and ExpertFlyer (a paid tool) to do basic searches (although don’t rely on the airline’s own website to search for award space on itself (i.e. searching for AA flights) as airlines generally release more seats to their own members than to their partners).

When searching for Aer Lingus flights use Qantas and ExpertFlyer as Aer Lingus is not a partner of AA.

Once you find a flight, of course you can check, log in, search and try to book the flights online. Really the site isn’t too bad except for some regions and it doesn’t include some partners like Aer Lingus and Alaska. Mostly it’s terrible for routes where it can route through London.

For searching domestic AA flights or LAN flights, it should show up but sometimes it doesn’t make connections for you and thus you have to search segment by segment. If you don’t mind playing around on the site you may be able to avoid the $25 phone booking fee.

Booking Iberia Flights

Please read the post on how to book Iberia flights using British Airways Avios. It’s not the normal process, so if you plan to route through Madrid in the future you should go ahead and read that post and open an Iberia account.

Essentially you can create an Iberia account and book flights from Iberia using Avios (as they are owned by BA) with minimal charges.

Why First Class options aren’t great

One thing about Avios is that while the economy prices can be incredible, Business Class prices are double economy prices (which isn’t too terrible comparatively), and First Class prices are triple (which is just bad).

Another reason Avios aren’t too appealing for First Class is that the fuel surcharges are often much higher for First Class. The ticket prices way up in terms of Avios and way up in terms of cash. It’s just not worth it.

But this isn’t really that big of a deal when you consider that I’m proposing the best use of Avios is basically short hauls, even when going long distances.

Are you a pro yet?

That pretty much sums it up. But let me leave you with a few more route maps to get your creative juices flowing. Any other ideas for good uses of Avios? Including routes, airlines or whatever? And of course, any questions are welcome too.


Aer Lingus Route Map

Aer Lingus Route Map

LAN Route Map

LAN Route Map

American Airlines Route Map South America

American Airlines Route Map South America

American Airlines Route Map Central America

American Airlines Route Map Central America

American Airlines Route Map Caribbean

American Airlines Route Map Caribbean

AA and USA Domestic Route Map

AA and USA Domestic Route Map

Related Posts:


  1. Been wanting to get a BA card but been debating if I should wait for a better offer. Think it’s likely?

    • Currently the best offer is the Chase BA Visa card, which gives you 50,000 bonus Avios points if you spend $2000 in the first three months.
      The $95 annual fee is waived the first year.
      Reward flights in Business and First class can be tricky to find.

  2. This is a timely article for me, as I’ve been having no luck at all finding flights with my Avios. Pretty much any flights I search for out of PIT give me an error that BA and partners don’t fly that route on the BA site even though there are AA flights (I’m only searching domestic flights). This is even to hubs (particularly PIT-MIA and PIT-LAX). Very frustrating…

    Also, when searching on AA for segments (because they sure as hell aren’t showing up on BA for me), the only thing Avios can be used for are the SAAver options, right?



  3. Im a rookie at this so i dont suck yet…so glad to see this blog. Have not yet used partner points to book.

    I’ve been looking for BA routes in south Am between any combo of uio , bog , lim, or LPB during Aug15-sept 15, 2013
    Very little shows but a limited LAM flight. the avios required are ok but comes with $300 or more in surcharges? Is that common? I’ve read that BA short hauls in So Am is the way to go?
    AA or UA require a lot more miles for same.

    Suggestions, por favor!

  4. Another spot on article! I transferred 19K AmexMR to Avios during the 35% bonus so I have enough to go from SAN-HNL on AS. But looking at all these other options sure is temping.
    Great article!

  5. Avios are great value for expensive domestic Japanese flights. Just booked a RT to a small airport in Hokkaido for 9000 miles and $3.60 in taxes. No fuel surcharges on JL for intra-Japan flights :) The normal fare is 58,000 JPY ($600)! No idea who is paying these fares for a sub 2 hour flight. With a visitor air pass you could get the flight for 21,000 JPY, but still a good value for Avios.

  6. @ Todd g – Based on the last 3 years and the offer coming around at least once a year, I’d say it’s very likely that the card will show up again. But can’t say for sure. One thing I would assume is that the spend requirement will be high. The last 50,000 Avios/Miles were tied up in $20,000 of spending. So if that’s unrealistic, then the 50,000 for $1,000 offer isn’t too bad.

    @ Right – Only the saver option… and I might try using Qantas’ site for finding AA availability. Sometimes the BA site just sucks. If Qantas has it, assume that BA does. In the past I’ve gotten them to waive the phone fee explaining that it just isn’t bookable online. YYMV.

    @ Jeff – Aug is still peak season and flights to South America are still limited in all alliances, at least compared to Europe and Asia. But it’s absolutely terrible with OneWorld as there is one airline with too few routes.
    First, I’d still recommend starting off of BA and on Qantas or something.
    Second, I’d then start looking at the oneworld map to see if I can piece two flights together. For example LAX with AA and LIM with LAN both have flights to Cancun or Dallas. And then Dallas might share flights to Mexico City or Bogota or something.
    Third, Use United miles. NO! I can’t say that after defending Avios. Third is don’t trust, trust Qantas or expertflyer and then try to confirm on BA.
    Hope that helps some. :-/

    @ Jason – Thanks man. I will say, roundtrip to Hawaii for 19k Amex MR… can’t beat that. That’s change. And there are people out there paying for that ticket. :-p And others who don’t “bother” with Avios.

    @ Nick – Great example. $600 divided by 9,000 is 6.6 cents per mile. That’s amazing value and you can count on it.

  7. Great summary! A couple of other nice things about Avios on domestic AA flights is the lack of a close-in booking fee and relatively inexpensive redeposit fees compared to AA. So they’re great for last-minute domestic flights that would cost an arm and a leg paid, or a booking fee plus 12.5k each way on AA. I spent 9k Avios for a sudden round trip for a family funeral. Keep an emergency stash of Avios on hand (or ready to be transferred in) at all times.

    • Anyone who is anyone has an emergency stash of Avios on hand. :-p Seriously though, what a great use. I didn’t even think to mention the lack of close-in fee. But they constantly fit in for small tickets that I need. Even tiny flights around Europe or Asia.
      Yep. Thanks.

  8. Thanks for all the awesome info!

    I am currently vetting the process to see if this is worthwhile (pay for the credit card + spend money through them).

    Do all flights need to be booked directly through BA? I’m asking as I obviously want to avoid them and fly through a partner. The BA site says the flight I want doesnt have any partners, while the awesome avios calculator indicates there is a partner flight.

    • On BA website, I see flying from Frankfurt to London(stopover) to Rome cost only 12K Avios + 45.00 pp. Is this my best option for this route ? I cant imagine anything better, but figured I would ask. Thanks

    • shows a possible route through Vienna for 9,000 Avios.
      Also, I’m pretty sure the $ part will be more than $45 if you stopover in London. At least at LHR.

    • showed only 45.00 and I got all the way to the booking part where I enter credit card info. Would additional charges be charged later? I thought all fuel charges were charged upfront?

    • No, if it shows $45, you will only be charged $45. Is it out of LHR or LGW? If you want to see London, it’s not a bad price. Although, it’s slightly more expensive than FRA-VIE-FRA, 12,000 isn’t much to see both cities.

  9. How do you think Qatar joining one world is going to change things ? I tried looking for a few space in India-Doha sector, but am getting no availability, or if it’s showing availability, it’s giving an error for ticketing.. I was thinking that would be another great way to avoid LHR and the fuel surcharge.. but not sure yet how the surcharge on Qatar looks like so far..

  10. Useful information, but just a question – do you know if the fuel surcharges will still be low even flying from YVR (Vancouver, Canada) to JFK?

  11. Dear Drew,
    I’m new to this and I’m desperate to find 3 tickets(business or economy premium on Cathay Pacific or any available airlines)using Avios to Asia in July. I’m base in LAX/SNA and would love to stopover in Hongkong/Korea/China… before arrive in Bangkok and back to LAX/SNA from BKK on July 31, 2014.
    Please help me to book this trip. Also, how can I buy/trade the IHG BOGO cert? Can I trade my 50K+ Delta for AA/United/US Airways somewhere?

    You got a friend in me! :)

  12. Can i redeem Avios points for any local merchant vouchers or its only redeemable for other BA / partner flights ? Looks like the latter, but wanted to confirm. If thats the case, it sucks, since other airlines provide points which can be redeemed for local merchant gift vouchers which works well for those having Avios and flying infreq!

  13. Thanks very much for your post. Can you tell me what the best way to get from Europe either UK or Italy to Australia preferably Cairns or Sydney in Club Class would be? Either stopping off in Asia on the way? I would like to go club only in the overnight sectors, and am happy to go Economy in the day time sectors. Traveling Club to Oz is on my bucket list and while I know this is probably the hardest route to get especially in European winter / Ozzie summer I really want to do this. I have over 100,000 avios approx, 150,000 to date. Thanks

  14. Hey , you should really be running an agency booking flights on air miles for people! I’m afraid I really can’t get the hang of them. Back in the day I used to be able to book flights for the whole family during the school holidays easily. Now I have enough to fly to the moon and back and can’t use them!

    I must say I find it impossible to use my BA companion vouchers for the family. They never now seem to release flights during the school holidays.

    I am uk based and trying to book flights, preferably business, to San Francisco from 13th July to 3rd August 2015. I guess from what your saying if I take a short flight to Europe I should save a lot of duty. I also want to spend 6 nights or so on Big Island from aprox 20th to 26th. Any suggestion of routes?

    Many thanks


  15. Thanks for a great guide! Super helpful.

    I was hoping someone could help me out with understanding how the Avios Redemption Calculator made by Wandering Aramean works. It seems to be giving me results that are inconsistent with the BA website.

    I’m trying to book a flight from Boston to Honolulu. The connection is in Dallas – Ft. Worth. According to the chart, this should cost 30,000. However, when I go through the booking process on, it is charging me 60,000 (which is the cost for a multi-partner flight), but my flight is entirely AA.

    Maybe I don’t fully understand how this works – I admit it took me a while to even get to the point I’m at now. Can anyone help me understand this discrepancy?


    • Ah I’m a dummy…30,000 per flight, 60,000 round trip…

  16. Hi, I’m trying to go from BWI to BCN and avoid BA. The Wandering Aramean shows there’s partner airlines flying this route (through PHL) but when I try to book a Reward Flight on the BA website, nearly all the flights are BA flights. How do you book flights on partner airlines when the BA websites only shows BA flights?

  17. Me again. I was able to find some AA flights on the BA website to get from DCA to BCN (via JFK). They’re non-BA flights but the BA website wants me to pay $598 on top of the 49,000 Avios. What gives?

    As a test I tried booking a flight from my area to Hawaii and it was about the same Avios and only $11. What accounts for this $598??


  18. When I look up Boston to Dublin, a one-way is 27,000 miles in Economy. How did you get 12,500?


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